I-CAN SLEEP: A research program for patients with Insomnia and CANcer


An objective comparison of cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based cancer recovery for the treatment of insomnia in cancer survivors using wrist actigraphy: a randomized noninferiority trial

The I-CAN SLEEP study investigated the effect of two psychosocial programs on insomnia symptoms in a heterogeneous sample of 111 cancer survivors. Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) teaches stress reduction through meditation and yoga and was compared to Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I), to determine whether it produced similar effects with the added benefit of reduced stress and mood disturbance. The I-CAN SLEEP study was conducted at the University of Calgary and was funded by the Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute.


Primary Investigator: Tavis Campbell, PhD


Co-Investigators: Sheila Garland, PhD, Linda Carlson, PhD, Mike Antle, PhD, and Charles Samuels, MD




Representative Publications


Garland, S. N., Rouleau, C. R., Campbell, T., Samuels, C., & Carlson, L. E. (2015). The Comparative Impact of Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) and Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) on Sleep and Mindfulness in Cancer Patients. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 11(6), 445-454. PMID: 26386748


​Garland, S. N., Carlson, L. E., Stephens, A., Antle, M., Samuels, C., & Campbell, T. (2014). Mindfulness-based stress reduction compared to cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of insomnia comorbid with cancer: a randomized, partially blinded, non-inferiority trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 32 (5), 449-57. PMID: 24395850


​Garland, S. N., Campbell, T. S., Samuels, C. & Carlson, L. E. (2013). Associations between dispositional mindfulness, insomnia, sleep quality and dysfunctional sleep beliefs in post-treatment cancer patients. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(3), 306-311.


Garland, S. N., Carlson, L. E., Antle, M., Samuels, C., & Campbell, T. (2011). I-CAN SLEEP: Rationale and design of a non-inferiority RCT of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of insomnia in cancer survivors. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 32(5), 747-754. PMID: 21658476.

Completed Research